Excellent primer. At the heart of this problem is whether it is a territorial or ethnic issue. India is not ambiguous and is the first to deal with it. It is Pakistan that is playing in a fuzzy way and that is why the solution must come from Pakistan. It should withdraw all its troops from PoK and have the Indians issued visas as an independent sovereign nation, so that they could visit the beautiful regions of Gilgit Baltistan. As soon as this happens, India will be forced to merge the Kashmir Valley with TRULY AZAD KASHMIR. In the meantime, India is doing what every government in the world does — protecting its territory by putting boots on the ground. Two important documents that are supposed to be attractive to the lords of the princhant states. The first was the status quo agreement and the second was the accession instrument. The status quo agreement, which confirmed that the practices and agreements that existed between the princely states and British India are now being pursued by independent India. The instrument of accession by which the sovereign of the Prince States accepted the accession of his kingdom to independent India. The nature of the material varied. But in the 12 days following the signing of the status quo agreement with Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan wrote a warning to The Maharaja on 24 August: “For Maharaja of Kashmir, it is time for him to make his choice and vote for Pakistan.
If Kashmir does not come to Pakistan, the greatest possible difficulties will inevitably follow. restudywhat what happened ar poonch, they are all muslim majority areas, their communal riots on Hindus and Sikhs, skirmishes were reported by the late go… On August 12, 1947, J-K entered into a status quo agreement with India and Pakistan and stated: “Jammu and the Government of Kashmir would welcome a status quo agreement with the Indian Union/Pakistan on all matters on which there are agreements with the outgoing government of British India.” Hyderabad violated all the terms of the agreement: in foreign affairs, by carrying out intrigues with Pakistan, to which it had secretly lent 15 million pounds; in defence, by building a large semi-military army; communication, through interventions in border traffic and transit traffic of Indian railways.  India has also been accused of violating the agreement by imposing an economic blockade. It turns out that the State of Bombay unknowingly intervened from Delhi in deliveries to Hyderabad. The government has promised to take it with the provincial governments, but scholar Lucien Benichou says it has never been done. India also delayed India`s arms deliveries to Hyderabad, which was later de affirmed as a violation of the status quo agreement.  The new delegation obtained only trivial amendments to the old draft agreement.  It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument).
The agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India. The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of the supreme government. The status quo agreement is expected to remain in effect for a one-year period.  The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947.  The draft status quo agreement was drawn up on 3 June 1947 by the political department of the British-Indian government. The agreement provided that all administrative agreements of “common interest” between the British Crown and a particular signatory state would be kept unchanged between the signatory regime (India or Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are concluded. A separate timetable set out issues of common interest. During the discussion, Jawaharlal Nehru, India`s future prime minister, expressed doubts about whether the agreement should cover only “administrative” issues.