What Is The Canada Us Safe Third Country Agreement

The agreement means that Canada must reject anyone arriving at an official U.S. place of entry to prevent them from applying for refugee status in Canada, as the United States is considered a “safe country” to make such an application. The Canadian government defended this measure on the basis of the argument that the United States has adopted a refugee rights policy similar to Canada`s (although Canada accepts more rights). The agreement had dramatic consequences: in 2005, Canada received just over 4,000 applications at the border, compared to about 8,900 applications filed in 2004. But the increase in refugee applications came at a time when the third-country security agreement was in force. Since the agreement allows the government to deport asylum seekers who attempt to enter official ports of entry, future refugees who do not meet specific exceptions under the agreement, such as. B a family member living in Canada, must find other ways to cross the border if they wish to apply for refugees in Canada. In addition to meeting the exemption criteria under the agreement, applicants must meet all other eligibility criteria for immigration legislation for the country in which they apply for status. Although refugees entering Canada at official border crossings are generally returned to the United States, they would not be returned if they crossed at locations between designated ports of entry; In this case, their demands will be heard and many immigration experts see it as a loophole within the agreement. [6] [7] To date, the United States is the only Serb designated as a safe third country. As of February 2017, more and more refugees have begun to cross the Canadian border at locations other than official border checkpoints. To avoid the effects of the agreement, all refugees at a border crossing would be automatically repatriated to the United States, in accordance with the CAB provisions. [24] Since it is not illegal to cross the border outside a port of entry under the Immigration and Refugee Act or the rules associated with it, as long as the person immediately reports to a Canada Border Services Agency official and st.c.a.

does not apply to rights outside a port of entry, these are persons who otherwise are not entitled to assert their rights after an irregular crossing. possible. [25] In some cases, these refugees have been amputated by frostbite[23] and concerns have been expressed that some refugees may freeze to death while crossing the border. [26] Under the agreement, refugee claimants must apply for refugee protection in the first safe country they arrive in, unless they are entitled to a waiver from the agreement.